Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

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MVP (major vault protein)

Written2000-05Franck Vigué
Laboratoire de Cytogenetique - Service d'Hematologie Biologique, Hopital Hotel-Dieu - 75181 Paris Cedex 04, France

(Note : for Links provided by Atlas : click)


Alias_symbol (synonym)LRP
Other aliasLRP (lung resistance-related protein)
LocusID (NCBI) 9961
Atlas_Id 120
Location 16p11.2  [Link to chromosome band 16p11]
Location_base_pair Starts at 29820394 and ends at 29848039 bp from pter ( according to hg19-Feb_2009)  [Mapping MVP.png]
Fusion genes
(updated 2017)
Data from Atlas, Mitelman, Cosmic Fusion, Fusion Cancer, TCGA fusion databases with official HUGO symbols (see references in chromosomal bands)
MVP (16p11.2) / KIF22 (16p11.2)MVP (16p11.2) / MTPN (7q33)MVP (16p11.2) / ZNF267 (16p11.2)
PAGR1 (16p11.2) / MVP (16p11.2)REL (2p16.1) / MVP (16p11.2)
Note drug resistance gene, codes for a "lung resistance-related protein" (LRP) originally detected in a lung carcinoma cell line resistant to chemotherapy


Transcription coding sequence, corresponding to full mRNA, is 2840 bp long


Description 110 KD protein, 896 amino acids; major cytoplasmic vault protein; vaults are nucleoproteic complexes composed of the MVP associated with two high-molecular weight proteins p240 and p193 which surround a small 140 nucleotides RNA species
Expression expressed in a variety of human tumor cell lines, the major part being multidrug resistant; expressed also in primary solid tumors, mainly colon carcinoma or ovarian carcinoma, as well as in hematopoietic cancers (myelodysplastic syndrome, acute myeloid or lymphoid leukemia, multiple myeloma); in normal tissues, LRP expression has a wide distribution, with particularly high levels in epithelial cells of the digestive tract
Localisation cytoplasmic, in the cytosol, with a little fraction (approximately 5%) located in the nuclear membrane and nuclear pores
Function vault are cytoplasmic organelles which mediate bidirectional nucleocytoplasmic transport of a wide range of substrates, including cytotoxic drugs; vaults would be involved both in vesicule and cytosolic transport of molecules
Homology 104 kD rat MVP

Implicated in

Entity implicated in induced multidrug-resistance to anticancer chemotherapy
Disease it includes resistance to doxorubicin, vinca alkaloids, mitoxantrone and etoposide; the role of LRP by itself in multidrug-resistance is not completely clear because it is only a part of a nucleo-proteic complex involved in macromolecules transport; the introduction and expression of the LRP gene in cells by transfection does not confer a multidrug-resistance phenotype; overexpression of LRP has been associated with poor response to chemotherapy in various types of leukemia and in ovarian carcinoma, however the role of LRP as pronostic factor remains controversial; in multi-resistant cell lines, LRP amplification within a homogeneous staining region is exceptional


P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance-associated protein, but not lung resistance protein, lower the intracellular daunorubicin accumulation in acute myeloid leukaemic cells.
Borg AG, Burgess R, Green LM, Scheper RJ, Liu Yin JA
British journal of haematology. 2000 ; 108 (1) : 48-54.
PMID 10651723
Coexpression of multidrug resistance involve proteins: a flow cytometric analysis.
Boutonnat J, Bonnefoix T, Mousseau M, Seigneurin D, Ronot X
Anticancer research. 1998 ; 18 (4C) : 2993-2999.
PMID 9713498
Overexpression of a transporter gene in a multidrug-resistant human lung cancer cell line.
Cole SP, Bhardwaj G, Gerlach JH, Mackie JE, Grant CE, Almquist KC, Stewart AJ, Kurz EU, Duncan AM, Deeley RG
Science (New York, N.Y.). 1992 ; 258 (5088) : 1650-1654.
PMID 1360704
P-glycoprotein (PGP), and not lung resistance-related protein (LRP), is a negative prognostic factor in secondary leukemias.
Damiani D, Michieli M, Ermacora A, Candoni A, Raspadori D, Geromin A, Stocchi R, Grimaz S, Masolini P, Michelutti A, Scheper RJ, Baccarani M
Haematologica. 1998 ; 83 (4) : 290-297.
PMID 9592977
Expression of the lung resistance protein predicts poor outcome in patients with multiple myeloma.
Filipits M, Drach J, Pohl G, Schuster J, Stranzl T, Ackermann J, Königsberg R, Kaufmann H, Gisslinger H, Huber H, Ludwig H, Pirker R
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. 1999 ; 5 (9) : 2426-2430.
PMID 10499614
Expression of the human major vault protein LRP in acute myeloid leukemia.
Hart SM, Ganeshaguru K, Scheper RJ, Prentice HG, Hoffbrand AV, Mehta AB
Experimental hematology. 1997 ; 25 (12) : 1227-1232.
PMID 9357965
Major vault protein LRP-related multidrug resistance.
Izquierdo MA, Scheffer GL, Flens MJ, Schroeijers AB, van der Valk P, Scheper RJ
European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990). 1996 ; 32A (6) : 979-984.
PMID 8763338
Increased LRP mRNA expression is associated with the MDR phenotype in intrinsically resistant human cancer cell lines.
Laurenç CM, Scheffer GL, Scheper RJ, Shoemaker RH
International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer. 1997 ; 72 (6) : 1021-1026.
PMID 9378536
Multidrug resistance in leukemia.
Leith C
Current opinion in hematology. 1998 ; 5 (4) : 287-291.
PMID 9747635
Expression of lung resistance protein and correlation with other drug resistance proteins and outcome in myelodysplastic syndromes.
Lepelley P, Poulain S, Grardel N, Preudhomme C, Cosson A, Fenaux P
Leukemia & lymphoma. 1998 ; 29 (5-6) : 547-551.
PMID 9643568
Increased expression of multidrug resistance related proteins Pgp, MRP1, and LRP/MVP occurs early in colorectal carcinogenesis.
Meijer GA, Schroeijers AB, Flens MJ, Meuwissen SG, van der Valk P, Baak JP, Scheper RJ
Journal of clinical pathology. 1999 ; 52 (6) : 450-454.
PMID 10562814
Expression of the lung resistance protein (LRP) in primary breast cancer.
Pohl G, Filipits M, Suchomel RW, Stranzl T, Depisch D, Pirker R
Anticancer research. 1999 ; 19 (6B) : 5051-5055.
PMID 10697509
Lung-resistance-related protein expression is a negative predictive factor for response to conventional low but not to intensified dose alkylating chemotherapy in multiple myeloma.
Raaijmakers HG, Izquierdo MA, Lokhorst HM, de Leeuw C, Belien JA, Bloem AC, Dekker AW, Scheper RJ, Sonneveld P
Blood. 1998 ; 91 (3) : 1029-1036.
PMID 9446666
The LRP gene encoding a major vault protein associated with drug resistance maps proximal to MRP on chromosome 16: evidence that chromosome breakage plays a key role in MRP or LRP gene amplification.
Slovak ML, Ho JP, Cole SP, Deeley RG, Greenberger L, de Vries EG, Broxterman HJ, Scheffer GL, Scheper RJ
Cancer research. 1995 ; 55 (19) : 4214-4219.
PMID 7671223
Multidrug resistance and its reversal.
Volm M
Anticancer research. 1998 ; 18 (4C) : 2905-2917.
PMID 9713485
Relationship between major vault protein/lung resistance protein, multidrug resistance-associated protein, P-glycoprotein expression, and drug resistance in childhood leukemia.
den Boer ML, Pieters R, Kazemier KM, Rottier MM, Zwaan CM, Kaspers GJ, Janka-Schaub G, Henze G, Creutzig U, Scheper RJ, Veerman AJ
Blood. 1998 ; 91 (6) : 2092-2098.
PMID 9490695


This paper should be referenced as such :
Viguié, F
MVP (major vault protein)
Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol. 2000;4(2):68-69.
Free journal version : [ pdf ]   [ DOI ]
On line version :

Other Solid tumors implicated (Data extracted from papers in the Atlas) [ 3 ]
  t(2;16)(p16;p11) REL/MVP
MVP/KIF22 (16p11)
MVP/ZNF267 (16p11)

External links

HGNC (Hugo)MVP   7531
Entrez_Gene (NCBI)MVP  9961  major vault protein
AliasesLRP; VAULT1
GeneCards (Weizmann)MVP
Ensembl hg19 (Hinxton)ENSG00000013364 [Gene_View]
Ensembl hg38 (Hinxton)ENSG00000013364 [Gene_View]  ENSG00000013364 [Sequence]  chr16:29820394-29848039 [Contig_View]  MVP [Vega]
ICGC DataPortalENSG00000013364
TCGA cBioPortalMVP
Genatlas (Paris)MVP
SOURCE (Princeton)MVP
Genetics Home Reference (NIH)MVP
Genomic and cartography
GoldenPath hg38 (UCSC)MVP  -     chr16:29820394-29848039 +  16p11.2   [Description]    (hg38-Dec_2013)
GoldenPath hg19 (UCSC)MVP  -     16p11.2   [Description]    (hg19-Feb_2009)
GoldenPathMVP - 16p11.2 [CytoView hg19]  MVP - 16p11.2 [CytoView hg38]
Mapping of homologs : NCBIMVP [Mapview hg19]  MVP [Mapview hg38]
Gene and transcription
Genbank (Entrez)AJ291366 AJ291367 AK293302 AK298238 AK301130
RefSeq transcript (Entrez)NM_001293204 NM_001293205 NM_005115 NM_017458
RefSeq genomic (Entrez)
Consensus coding sequences : CCDS (NCBI)MVP
Cluster EST : UnigeneHs.632177 [ NCBI ]
CGAP (NCI)Hs.632177
Alternative Splicing GalleryENSG00000013364
Gene ExpressionMVP [ NCBI-GEO ]   MVP [ EBI - ARRAY_EXPRESS ]   MVP [ SEEK ]   MVP [ MEM ]
Gene Expression Viewer (FireBrowse)MVP [ Firebrowse - Broad ]
SOURCE (Princeton)Expression in : [Datasets]   [Normal Tissue Atlas]  [carcinoma Classsification]  [NCI60]
GenevestigatorExpression in : [tissues]  [cell-lines]  [cancer]  [perturbations]  
BioGPS (Tissue expression)9961
GTEX Portal (Tissue expression)MVP
Human Protein AtlasENSG00000013364-MVP [pathology]   [cell]   [tissue]
Protein : pattern, domain, 3D structure
UniProt/SwissProtQ14764   [function]  [subcellular_location]  [family_and_domains]  [pathology_and_biotech]  [ptm_processing]  [expression]  [interaction]
NextProtQ14764  [Sequence]  [Exons]  [Medical]  [Publications]
With graphics : InterProQ14764
Splice isoforms : SwissVarQ14764
Domaine pattern : Prosite (Expaxy)MVP (PS51224)   
Domains : Interpro (EBI)MVP_shoulder    Vault_N   
Domain families : Pfam (Sanger)MVP_shoulder (PF11978)    Vault (PF01505)   
Domain families : Pfam (NCBI)pfam11978    pfam01505   
Conserved Domain (NCBI)MVP
DMDM Disease mutations9961
Blocks (Seattle)MVP
PDB Europe1Y7X   
PDB (PDBSum)1Y7X   
PDB (IMB)1Y7X   
Structural Biology KnowledgeBase1Y7X   
SCOP (Structural Classification of Proteins)1Y7X   
CATH (Classification of proteins structures)1Y7X   
Human Protein Atlas [tissue]ENSG00000013364-MVP [tissue]
Peptide AtlasQ14764
IPIIPI00000105   IPI00911022   IPI00910019   
Protein Interaction databases
IntAct (EBI)Q14764
Ontologies - Pathways
Ontology : AmiGOprotein binding  extracellular region  nucleus  nucleus  nuclear pore  cytoplasm  cytoplasm  cytosol  cytoskeleton  protein transport  membrane  protein kinase binding  protein phosphatase binding  negative regulation of signaling  negative regulation of protein autophosphorylation  secretory granule lumen  ERBB signaling pathway  identical protein binding  neutrophil degranulation  perinuclear region of cytoplasm  mRNA transport  negative regulation of protein tyrosine kinase activity  extracellular exosome  ficolin-1-rich granule lumen  
Ontology : EGO-EBIprotein binding  extracellular region  nucleus  nucleus  nuclear pore  cytoplasm  cytoplasm  cytosol  cytoskeleton  protein transport  membrane  protein kinase binding  protein phosphatase binding  negative regulation of signaling  negative regulation of protein autophosphorylation  secretory granule lumen  ERBB signaling pathway  identical protein binding  neutrophil degranulation  perinuclear region of cytoplasm  mRNA transport  negative regulation of protein tyrosine kinase activity  extracellular exosome  ficolin-1-rich granule lumen  
REACTOMEQ14764 [protein]
REACTOME PathwaysR-HSA-6798695 [pathway]   
NDEx NetworkMVP
Atlas of Cancer Signalling NetworkMVP
Wikipedia pathwaysMVP
Orthology - Evolution
GeneTree (enSembl)ENSG00000013364
Phylogenetic Trees/Animal Genes : TreeFamMVP
Homologs : HomoloGeneMVP
Homology/Alignments : Family Browser (UCSC)MVP
Gene fusions - Rearrangements
Fusion : MitelmanMVP/KIF22 [16p11.2/16p11.2]  
Fusion : MitelmanMVP/ZNF267 [16p11.2/16p11.2]  [t(16;16)(p11;p11)]  
Fusion : MitelmanREL/MVP [2p16.1/16p11.2]  [t(2;16)(p16;p11)]  
Fusion PortalMVP 16p11.2 KIF22 16p11.2 BRCA
Fusion PortalMVP 16p11.2 ZNF267 16p11.2 HNSC
Fusion PortalREL 2p16.1 MVP 16p11.2 LUAD
Fusion : FusionGDB22910    22911    22912    22913    28494    30946   
Fusion : Fusion_HubC16ORF53--MVP    CLPS--MVP    DEDD2--MVP    EMILIN1--MVP    IGHA1--MVP    ITGAX--MVP    MVP--B3GAT3    MVP--CIAO1    MVP--KIF22    MVP--LRP    MVP--MTPN    MVP--PAGR1    MVP--STX4    MVP--SUGP2    MVP--ZNF267   
Fusion : QuiverMVP
Polymorphisms : SNP and Copy number variants
NCBI Variation ViewerMVP [hg38]
dbSNP Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (NCBI)MVP
Exome Variant ServerMVP
ExAC (Exome Aggregation Consortium)ENSG00000013364
GNOMAD BrowserENSG00000013364
Varsome BrowserMVP
Genetic variants : HAPMAP9961
Genomic Variants (DGV)MVP [DGVbeta]
DECIPHERMVP [patients]   [syndromes]   [variants]   [genes]  
CONAN: Copy Number AnalysisMVP 
ICGC Data PortalMVP 
TCGA Data PortalMVP 
Broad Tumor PortalMVP
OASIS PortalMVP [ Somatic mutations - Copy number]
Somatic Mutations in Cancer : COSMICMVP  [overview]  [genome browser]  [tissue]  [distribution]  
Somatic Mutations in Cancer : COSMIC3DMVP
Mutations and Diseases : HGMDMVP
LOVD (Leiden Open Variation Database)Whole genome datasets
LOVD (Leiden Open Variation Database)LOVD - Leiden Open Variation Database
LOVD (Leiden Open Variation Database)LOVD 3.0 shared installation
BioMutasearch MVP
DgiDB (Drug Gene Interaction Database)MVP
DoCM (Curated mutations)MVP (select the gene name)
CIViC (Clinical Interpretations of Variants in Cancer)MVP (select a term)
NCG5 (London)MVP
Cancer3DMVP(select the gene name)
Impact of mutations[PolyPhen2] [Provean] [Buck Institute : MutDB] [Mutation Assessor] [Mutanalyser]
Genetic Testing Registry MVP
NextProtQ14764 [Medical]
Target ValidationMVP
Huge Navigator MVP [HugePedia]
snp3D : Map Gene to Disease9961
BioCentury BCIQMVP
Clinical trials, drugs, therapy
Chemical/Protein Interactions : CTD9961
Chemical/Pharm GKB GenePA31332
Clinical trialMVP
canSAR (ICR)MVP (select the gene name)
DataMed IndexMVP
PubMed136 Pubmed reference(s) in Entrez
GeneRIFsGene References Into Functions (Entrez)
REVIEW articlesautomatic search in PubMed
Last year publicationsautomatic search in PubMed

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indexed on : Wed Nov 13 21:34:42 CET 2019

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